African American people were the critical group that made the Union win the Civil War. Take the example of Westchester, NY–the county the Hudson River Museum resides. The United States Colored Troops made up over 10% of the Union or Northern Army and 25% of the Union Navy. Yet, only one percent of the Northern population was African American. Clearly overrepresented in the military, African Americans played the decisive role in the Civil War. In the Hills community in Westchester, NY 37 men of the 191 residents enlisted in the U.S. Colored Troops (all the able-bodied men).
We weren’t freed by the Quakers. We weren’t freed by Lincoln. Black troops, fighting like hellions for their families freedom: We Freed Ourselves!
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